Power Up with 8 Battery Packs that Keep You on the Go

mobile battery packs2

Batteries are not a hot business topic, but we each crave longer battery life for our devices and equipment, especially when traveling. This short list of portable battery packs may help you just enough to keep an important business conversation going on your phone or allow you to finish a document on a tablet.

A technical abbreviation that you’ll want to know when considering an external portable battery pack is milliampere hour (mAh). It describes the energy charge that a battery holds and how long a device will run before you need to recharge it. I’ve included the Amazon link for each battery pack, when possible and some of these devices were sent to me for media reviews.

Anker: Astro Slim2

portable battery packs

This is my favorite for travel. Ultra-slim external portable battery that stacks against your smartphone and supplies simultaneous, full-speed charges for two devices. If you do a search for portable battery on Amazon, Anker frequently pops up first.  It’s available here (not an affiliate link) on Amazon for $27.99.

  • Compact, easy-to-grip slim design specifically sized to stack battery behind your smartphone while in use.
  • Hideaway micro USB cable for Android  reduces the number of cords you need to carry to stay connected; USB port available for iPhone. Elegant.
  • 4500mAh battery offers enough power for 2-3 charges on most phones.
  • Dual ports supply 1Amp of power each so you can power up in no time.
  • LED column lets you know exactly how much battery power is left.

Satechi Portable Energy Station

Another favorite of mine. This company makes lots of great travel products and innovative gadgets. I have owned this one for a long time and it has taken some abuse and held up well. You can find it on Amazon here for $59.99.

  • Instant dual power – recharge your tablet and smart phone or other mobile devices simultaneously.
  • 10000 mAh Lithium Polymer Battery – Rapid charging – faster than charging from a traditional outlet.
  • Battery life indicator & auto OFF feature that detects when fully charged. (When you look at these tiny devices, this becomes somewhat important.)
  • Lightweight and compact – easily carry it on long flights in your laptop or tablet bag. You can expect the weight to increase when you increase mAh.
  • It offers an overload protection feature to keep your battery safe.

iWALK: Extreme Series Universal Backup Batteries

This company has a large selection of portable batteries for devices, even one to power your laptop. Here is a link to the compact 5200 mAh model on Amazon, which sells for $43.99.

  • 9 compact models ranging from 1,800mAH to 15,000mAH.
  • Equipped with LED battery charge and discharge level indicator.
  • Ideal for smartphones, navigation units, cameras, Bluetooth headsets.
  • Extreme 15000 – largest capacity unit in the world with 8 different connectors.
  • Extreme 8200 Duo – capable of charging two devices at the same time.

Snow Lizard: SLPower 7

Like some of the chargers above, slim and easy to pack. Plus, you have to give them credit for a creative name. It’s memorable. Not sure what it has to do with batteries though. Amazon has it for $51.91 here. White or black.

  • Boasting a 7000 mAh battery the SLPower 7 has enough power to rapidly charge your iPad, tablet and smartphone.
  • Designed for on the go use, the low profile charger provides power and portability at just over one half inch thick.
  • 2 USB connections – Dedicated iPhone Connection and USB connection for tablets and  smartphones.

Digital Treasures: PowerFlask

portable battery packs

Although I don’t think I would walk around with this battery in my pocket, it certainly fits. A portable, novel way to charge two USB devices simultaneously. You can find it on Amazon for $71.91.

  • 13,000 mAh rechargeable lithium-ion battery which will keep supplying extra juice for devices on-the-go. I did find that when I had depleted the charge it took overnight to fully recharge.
  • Two ultra-bright flashlight LED’s are situated at the top of the PowerFlask for lighting options while the user is on the road. (It took me a while to figure out how to turn these on – should have read the manual sooner.)
  • The PowerFlask is wrapped in supple leather with an aluminum finish for a high-quality and eye-catching aesthetic.

Scosche: goBAT II

Dual USB portable charger and backup battery. Available at: Amazon for $42.88. You can also get it at BestBuy.com and Buy.com.

  • Internal 5000 maH rechargeable lithium ion battery can charge a drained iPhone 4 2.6 times.
  • 10 Watt (2.1 Amp) port is perfect for charging tablets and 5 Watt (1 Amp) port can charge virtually any other USB powered handheld.
  • Four blue LED lights indicate how much battery life is left.

New Trent: Powerpak+

This battery is rugged looking and powerful. One of the small things I liked about it is the ridges on the side that made it less likely to slip out of my hand. You can find it on Amazon for $54.95.

  • Powerful 13,500mAh battery pack quickly and efficiently charges USB-based devices.
  • Features a 1A and 2.1A port to juice up both iOS and Android smartphones and tablets. (I found this handy for the occasional time when I needed to charge both devices.)
  • Charges most smartphones up to 6 times.
  • Slim and compact design allows it to easily fit into any backpack, purse or carry-on.

Goal Zero: Switch 8 Solar Recharging Kit

portable battery packs

This small 3.5 Watt Solar Panel recharging system is pretty cool. It comes with four AA batteries (and will also recharge AAA). You also can purchase a portable unit called the “Switch” that is smaller than a roll of quarters, but powerful enough for smartphones, iPods or your GPS. It is available on Amazon for $119.99 (for the panel only) and $39.95 for the Switch.

If you are out in the field a fair amount, this solar recharger may be the unit for you. You can plug your device into the solar panel charger directly. Of course, you could buy extra battery units for your device(s), instead, but this one at least gives you some recharge options.

  • Charges devices via USB port.
  • Power pack and solar panel combined weight only .7 lbs. (less than one pound). It is small enough to fit in a backpack, briefcase or purse.
  • Foldable and rugged Nomad 3.5 Solar Panel recharges Switch in 2-4 hours.

You may not think about batteries on a daily basis, but if you find your devices running low all too often this list may help. It might help you to prevent that beeping tone that says, “You have less than 10% battery life remaining, plug in now…”

How do you handle keeping your devices charged while on the road?

Full Charge Photo via Shutterstock


Kalpataru Power Transmission to raise Rs300 crore via NCDs

Photo: Indranil Bhoumik/MintPhoto: Indranil Bhoumik/Mint

New Delhi: Kalpataru Power Transmission Ltd on Sunday said its shareholders’ have approved the company’s proposal to raise up to Rs.300 crore through non-convertible debentures (NCDs).

In a regulatory filing, the firm said its shareholders have approved the “issue and allot secured/unsecured redeemable non-convertible debentures (NCDs) up to Rs.300 crore”.

On the rationale behind the fund raise, it said: “In order to meet the financial needs of the company, the company may make an offer of NCDs or invite subscription to NCDs on private placement basis.”

The company posted 50% jump in standalone net profit atRs.64.53 crore in the quarter ended June 2016.

The standalone net profit was Rs.43.01 crore in the year-ago quarter. Total income from operations was Rs.1,187.37 crore in the first quarter of this fiscal compared to Rs.1,193.64 crore in the year-ago period.

Last month, the firm said it has secured new orders worth around Rs.1,900 crore. The company further said it has bagged Rs.1,340 crore turnkey project for construction of 225 kv transmission line and substation in Republic of Senegal.

The second order is for constriction of 500 kv transmission line in Afghanistan worth Rs.575 crore, funded by Asian Development Bank (ADB).[“Source-Livemint”]

AMD Promises New Driver to Address Radeon RX 480 PCIe Power Draw Issue

AMD Promises New Driver to Address Radeon RX 480 PCIe Power Draw Issue


  • Early reviews reported power draw spikes beyond the rated 150W
  • AMD promised to investigate and release a statement on July 5
  • New drivers will allow users to impose a cap on power draw

Following complaints from early reviewers that new Radeon RX 480 graphics cards were pulling too much power from the PCIe slots of the motherboards they’re plugged into, AMD has released a statement promising a new driver update which will limit PCIe power draw.

Some reviewers who were able to test reference Radeon RX 480 cards from AMD prior to the launch date noted that while the company claimed a total power draw of 150W, actual usage showed spikes well beyond that while running heavy loads. Tom’s Hardware and PC Perspective observed that their samples were pulling up to 168W, potentially putting undue stress on the motherboard’s power distribution capabilities.

AMD responded to the criticism through Reddit and in an official statement, saying that the Radeon RX 480 had passed PCIe standards compliance testing and this was an issue that seemed to affect “some cards worldwide” in “select scenarios where the tuning of some RX 480 boards was not optimal”. Further questions arose on forums across the Internet as the problem seemed inherent to the design of these cards. The company also said it was looking at its drivers and would release an updated statement on July 5.


Now, shortly before midnight in the USA, AMD confirmed that it will release a new driver within two days, which will address power distribution and lower the current draw from the PCIe slot. The company did not specify whether this will impact performance and involve a BIOS flash, which is most likely. This update, which will be released as Catalyst 16.7.1, is the result of a worldwide team working through the weekend since the issue first came to light.

AMD says it is confident that the reported power draw levels do not pose any risk of damage to motherboards or other PC components, but for those who do have concerns, there will also be a new option that users can select to impose a “compatibility” power draw cap on their cards. This will have “minimal performance impact”. However, as with all new driver releases, this one will incorporate tweaks that improve performance in some games by up to 3 percent which should “substantially offset the performance impact for users who choose to activate the ‘compatibility’ toggle”.

Reviewers reported that there was no instability, but test environments are not necessarily indicative of real-world conditions. While most high-end motherboards can handle spikes of this nature, not all will be able to, and longer-term effects are unknown. Overclocking and using a second card in CrossFire mode would only add to the stress on the motherboard.

AMD has outfitted reference cards with only a single 6-pin PCIe power connector, limiting the amount of power the card can draw beyond the 75W permissible through a PCIe slot. A single 8-pin connector or a second 6-pin connector would have alleviated this problem, but AMD seems to have wanted to boast about low power consumption, choosing to forego that overhead. Third-party manufacturers including Sapphire, Asus and MSI will most likely beef up the power inputs on their custom-designed cards.

The Radeon RX 480 was launched in India on June 29 but controversy over the unusually high Indian pricing soon erupted. The company later backtracked, reducing prices by Rs. 2,000 and confirming that all import and distribution overheads were accounted for within that price. AMD is expected to launch its lower-end Radeon RX 470 and Radeon RX 460 within the next few weeks or months.  Stay tuned for our own review of the AMD Radeon RX 480, coming up soon.

Tags: AMD, AMD Radeon, AMD Radeon RX 480, AMD Radeon RX 480 power draw, Radeon, Radeon RX 480,Radeon RX 480 PCIe power draw, Radeon RX 480 power draw



Intex Aqua Power HD 4G With 5-Inch Display Launched at Rs. 8,363

Intex Aqua Power HD 4G With 5-Inch Display Launched at Rs. 8,363


  • Aqua Power HD 4G runs Android 5.1 Lollipop
  • The smartphone is powered by a quad-core processor
  • It will be available in Blue, Champagne, and Grey colours

Intex has introduced a new smartphone – the Aqua Power HD 4G – priced at Rs. 8,363. The smartphone is now listed on the company website with no details about the availability, but we can expect the smartphone to be available in the market soon.

The new Intex Aqua Power HD 4G is the successor to the company’s Aqua Power HD smartphone launched in 2015.

The dual-SIM Aqua Power HD 4G runs Android 5.1 Lollipop, and features a 5-inch HD (720×1280 pixels) IPS display with a pixel density of 294ppi. The company touts that the screen to body ratio on the handset is almost 66 percent.

(Also see: Intex Aqua Power HD 4G vs. Lyf Water 6)

The new Intex smartphone is powered by a 1GHz quad-core MediaTek MT6592M processor, coupled with 2GB of RAM. Sporting an 8-megapixel rear autofocus camera with dual-LED flash, the Aqua Power HD 4G also sports a 5-megapixel front-facing camera.

It bears 16GB of built-in storage that is expandable via microSD card (32GB). Connectivity options include 3G (HSPA+), Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n, Bluetooth 4.0, Micro-USB 2.0, GPS/ A-GPS, and a 3.5mm audio jack. The smartphone also supports 4G connectivity and is compatible with Indian LTE bands. The company however notes that the smartphone will support 4G on one SIM at a time.

(Also see: Intex Aqua Power HD 4G vs. Lenovo Vibe K5)

Measuring 144×72.8×9.6mm, the Aqua Power HD 4G is backed by a 3900mAh battery that is rated to deliver up to 390 hours of standby time, and up to 7 hours of talk-time. It weighs 155 grams and bears an accelerometer, ambient light sensor, and proximity sensor. The official listing confirms that the IntexAqua Power HD 4G will be available in Blue, Champagne, and Grey.

Intex Aqua Power HD 4G

Intex Aqua Power HD 4G





Front Camera



720×1280 pixels




Android 5.1



Rear Camera


Battery capacity


See full Intex Aqua Power HD 4G specifications
Also See
  • Amazon
    Intex Aqua Power HD – Blue Gold
    Rs. 7,800
  • Amazon
    Intex Aqua Power HD – Black
    Rs. 8,000
  • Amazon
    Intex Aqua Power HD Smart Mobile Phone – (Black) White Gold
    Rs. 8,200
Tags: Intex Aqua Power HD 4G Price, Intex Aqua Power HD 4G Price in India, Intex Aqua Power HD 4G Specifications,Intex Mobiles, Mobiles, Smartphones

Android 6.0 Marshmallow review: All about polish and power

when Android 5.0 Lollipop commenced hitting gadgets ultimate November, humans may want to inform. Google’s new material layout aesthetic made positive you wouldn’t mistake it for any previous version of the OS, which was greatspecifically whilst you recall how perplexing elements of it may be. Now that Android’s look has been extra or much less firmed up, Google set approximately making its workinggadget smoother, smarter and extra battery-pleasant. The cease result: Android 6.zero Marshmallow. So, how’d they do? Spoiler alert: quite damned nicely.
while this isn’t as a large cosmetic overhaul as ultimate 12 months‘s massive update, Android 6.zeroMarshmallow does a outstanding task addressing Lollipop’s foibles. more importantly, Google is clearlyflexing its contextual smarts with the addition of functions like Now on tap, and an stepped forward versionof permissions offers users a better knowledge of what their apps are looking to do. way to a pleasingdose of visible polish, too, we’re left with a mustset up replaceright here‘s hoping OEMs supply itsooner than later.
look and feel

cross ahead: Take a look around. Do it fast sufficient and also you might not note some thing specificfrom the huge Android replace we were given closing 12 months. material design turned into a large,highly valuable leap forward for Android; this yr‘s update polishes down a number of the look‘s rougher edges and makes a few matters extra prominent. recall the lock display screen‘s font, for one — the time isa chunk bolder than it become before, higher for those discreet time assessments. Then there may bethe launcher, which a few humans have been getting a taste of with out even updating to Marshmallow. The white background will seem quite familiar, however that is it as a long way as similarities go.

keep in mind the a couple of pages of apps you had to swipe left and right thru in Lollipop? they’re alllong past, changed by using a unmarried, vertically scrolling tray of icons capped off with four of yourmaximum used programs sitting atop the tray. Above that sits a handy search bar, which also (luckily, in the end) lives within the Settings menu so you don’t must poke around aimlessly searching out an arcane choice to exchange. I sort of preferred the paginated app view from days beyond, however theaddition of a search function is insanely usefulwherein became this earlier than?

Marshmallow’s virtually barely extra customizable than previous variations if you recognize in which tolook. The device UI tuner we first spotted in the Android M preview is hidden by means of default; to get admission to, you need to swipe down into your brief Settings panel and press on the gear icon until itstarts offevolved spinning. as soon as all that’s squared away, you can use it to arrange your briefSettings icons and add some extra design flourishes, like tacking a battery-percentage readout to the vaguely useful battery icon. Google warns that you probably should not muck around with this too much, and i’m inclined to agree (despite the fact that not for system safety functions) — it’s just that there may be best a lot to be finished here.

The same cannot be stated about my favored of Marshmallow’s minor UI enhancements: the a lotadvanced replica-and-paste instructions. It was that urgent and choosing text to share required you to decipher some arcane symbols at the top of the display, but this is been replaced via a simple pop-up menu with — anticipate it — the words choose all, replica, paste and web search. That latter alternative is on a separate “web page” from the others; at the same time as it really is mildly worrying, it’s still well worth clearly having command buttons that make experience at a look. as soon as the sharing mood setsin, you might also notice what Google calls Direct proportion. when you try to percentage content fromcertain apps, you will get the option to send it immediately to contacts as opposed to simply startingthat stuff in another app. quite handy? You bet, but alas, only a few apps guide it right now.

Now on faucet

Now on faucet, alternatively, is Google at its most Google-y. lengthyurgent the house button reasons a white line to trace its manner across the displayonce it really is finished, Google attempts to discernout what you are looking at and offers you associated data about it. After the usage of it for a while, Now on faucet appears like one of those little touches that must‘ve constantly been there. let’s consideryou’re taking note of some thing in Spotify, seeing that Now on faucet plays excellent with apps pastones Google has crafted. i’ve used the Hamilton instance earlier than, however let‘s dive again into it.taking note of the song “My Shot” (that you should sincerely do) and invoking Now on faucet brings up 4consequences playing cards: three for the important singers inside the tune, plus one for the identify of the music itself.

it’s also, alas, far from perfect. Spotify songs are clean to figure out — all that is on-screen to interpret is the call of the track, the artist and the album name. Launching Now on faucet on an internet page, for example, may be a ways much less profitable as Google doesn’t continually offer a outcomes card for the belongings you want to peer. Now in fairness, it is early days for this option and it is quite great in its contemporary form. nonetheless, given how tons of my very own statistics i have willingly supplied to Google — all my emails, all the birthdays and conferences in my calendars, the whole thing of my seekrecordsyou’ll suppose it’d be capable of get a better experience of what it is i’m sincerely seeking toanalyze more approximately. on the other hand, that common sense cuts both methods. For all that Google knows about us, it is (luckily) no longer a mind reader and can’t anticipate my dreams on the fly. That Now on tap will get higher is a given; the query you will should recollect is whether you want to offer even extra insight into what you do on the internet.

A better approach to permissions

As damned helpful as Now on tap may be, possibilities are you are going to experience Marshmallow’smade over approach to app permissions some distance greater frequently. allow‘s flashback to closingyr: earlier than even downloading an app, customers had to conform to a load of capability movementsthat software program could perform at some point. With Marshmallow, Google very smartly determinednot to the front-load all that statistics and as a substitute alerts you each time an app you’ve gotmounted tries to do some thing new for the primary time, like when Twitter wants to determine outwherein you are or when Chrome needs get right of entry to to your media. If an app mentions looking to do something that makes the hair on the back of your neck rise up, experience unfastened to deny it theget entry to it desires — in maximum instances, the relaxation of the program must nevertheless work.

Oh, and in case you‘re the sort of person who just tapsbe givenall the time anyway? Popping into the Settings well-knownshows which apps have get entry to to which elements of your device, from thedigicam to contacts to location, garage or even frame sensors. Revoking get admission to is only afaucet away, so don’t be afraid to make some executive selections. yes, you will be dealing with thosenotifications quite regularly, and sure, everything feels a little greater intrusive than before. still, it forcescustomers to understand what their apps are doing and when — making all people extra protectionconscious is really worth a few tiny inconveniences.
Fingerprints for all

speaking of safety, Marshmallow may be very a great deal into the idea of the usage of your fingerprints as authentication. want evidence? just look at the 2 new Nexus handsets. Setup is deadeasy and familiaryou will be lifting and pressing down onto the sensor multiple instances till you’re given the good enough. curiously, Google doesn’t assume that you need to apply your fingerprints for everything as soon as you’ve got at least one on document. buying apps from the Play store defaults to using your password for authentication, as an instanceyou need to tick a container before you may log off on purchases with a finger. as soon as this is carried out, although, you are all properly, and luckily each of the devices i have been testing Marshmallow with (the Nexus 6P and the HTC One A9) have fantasticsensors that quickly and correctly select up finger touches. it’s absolutely no marvel, though: Google’s very choosy approximately how accurate those sensors have to be. Now we just want more developersto get at the fingerprint bandwagon.

under the hood
past a number of the ones marquee capabilities, Marshmallow additionally packs some hints to holdyour tool running for as long as possible. Doze is the extra technically superb of the batch since itdetermines while your device is just sitting around and shuts down nearly all background services and disables your network connection. If a concern message rolls in via Google Cloud Messaging, Marshmallow dutifully surfaces it, however otherwise you have basically got a device that mechanically switches intoairplane mode whilst you don’t want it. The outcomes are obvious, and staggering. As I write this, anearlifeless Nexus 6P has been clinging to life with 2 percentage battery for almost an hour.

Then there’s App Standby, which mechanically flips packages into an inactive nation in the event that they have not been used in a while to in addition save your battery. if you‘ve ever had to disable someprovider bloatware apps because they have been just in no way used, properly, it’s essentially the equalconcept right here. The most effective distinction is App Standby works autonomically — Marshmallow disables apps that have not been released lately, aren’t strolling a procedure or aren’t producingnotifications. The simplest capacity downside here is that Marshmallow may want to continuallydeactivate an app you absolutely desired to keep, but there are two short fixes: Open it occasionally, orleap into the Settings to manually restore it (you could even flag it in order that it in no way getsdeactivated again).

like it or no longer, the trusty microSD card slots of yore are disappearing from cutting-edge smartphones.if you‘re lucky enough to have such a slot available (and have not completely given your self over to the cloud), Marshmallow allows you to layout the card as inner garage so you can circulate apps andstatistics that in any other case could not have been routed to an external card. phrase to the sensible:if you do this, do not panic at what you spot. Marshmallow combines the storage counts into a unmarriedgeneral (a function referred to as Flex storage), but still gives a readout of ways plenty room isavailable on each the inner and external memory.

Your phone can even provide you with a warning while the SD card you are the use of is too slow to dolots goodyou may want the quickest microSD you could get hold of, and even a 16GB microSD card with transfer quickens to 48MB/s brought on a stern caution. The fine-case state of affairs is that youwon’t observe a distinction between the 2 kinds of storage whilst you begin putting in apps andshifting records, but that’s going to hinge in large part at the form of card you are working with. And if all of this seems like too much effort, you could continually just pop in a microSD card and treat it asportable storage — that manner, you could circulate documents between gadgets without a headache.the coming of Marshmallow additionally means we’ve got in the end were given a strong way to backup app records with out the need for physical playing cards. it is known as — what else — car Backup, whichnow and again shuttles most of a consumer‘s app information into a devoted corner of Google forcethat could without problems be drawn upon again if you‘re reinstalling an app you’ve got deleted. Oh, and if you were concerned, none of the gap taken up with the aid of the ones backups count towardsyour existing Google power quota.


Marshmallow might not be the type of dramatic bounce ahead we’d anticipate from Android 6.zero, butpermit‘s no longer reside at the wide variety. What we have got here is an replace that takes maximum of what become tremendous about Lollipop, axed what did not paintings (here‘s looking at you, convolutedvolume controls) and brought features we did not even realize we wanted. sure, now not the whole lothas been carried out flawlessly, however the internet fee of functions like Now on faucet, progressedpermissions, Flex storage and others extra than make up for infrequent bits of flakiness. Android has neverfelt extra whole — now (if you may pardon the pun) it’s on manufacturers to ensure anybody gets a tastesoon.

View from Dawn: India sees Pakistan as a roadblock in its path to Great Power status

India’s ambitions of achieving Great Power status cannot be fully realised unless Pakistan is strategically neutralised. A conventional military defeat of Pakistan has been a costly and unlikely option ever since the latter acquired a credible nuclear deterrence capability. Pakistan has also built a strategic relationship with China which provides it with the capacity to balance, to a considerable extent, India’s larger military and economic capabilities.

India’s need to bring Pakistan to heel has intensified in the context of the emerging Great Power contest in Asia. Pakistan’s incorporation into an Indian sphere of influence would be a grave setback to China’s future role in South, West and Central Asia and the western Indian Ocean. The prospect of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, while India has no land access to the West and Central Asia, has added a new dimension to India’s determination to neutralise Pakistan. India’s strategic goals, if not its methods, are fully supported by the US and its allies.

India has adopted a complex strategy to wear down Pakistan’s resistance. This strategy encompasses: military and political pressure; subversion; terrorism; diplomatic isolation; media and public defamation and cultural domination.

Some elements of India’s comprehensive strategy and actions are now public knowledge, such as Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval’s boastful speech recalling how Indian agencies eroded the Kashmiri freedom struggle through corruption and intimidation; forecasting the separation of Balochistan; and expressing glee at the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan’s beheading of Pakistani soldiers in Fata.

India’s strategy has a wide canvas.

Resistance to Indian domination

One element of the strategy is the attempt, pursued in tandem with the West, to neutralise Pakistan’s nuclear deterrence capabilities. Thus, the discriminatory Western restraints on equipment and technology transfers to Pakistan and the vigorous US opposition to Pakistan’s deployment of theatre nuclear weapons and long-range missiles which are designed, respectively, to counter India’s Cold Start doctrine and its second-strike capability.

Meanwhile, India maintains military pressure on Pakistan through deployment of advanced weapons systems (ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missiles etc), expanded offensive deployments, military exercises to refine the capacity for a surprise attack (as envisaged in India’s Cold Start doctrine) and frequent shelling along the Line of Control in Kashmir.

Subversion, involving infiltration, sponsorship and support for dissident or disgruntled groups within Pakistan, is a third element of this strategy. The sponsorship of the Baloch Liberation Army and terrorism in Balochistan and Sindh has now been confirmed by the recent capture and confession of the Indian spy. Disaffected groups in Karachi, rural Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkwa have been encouraged for many years to disrupt peace and security.

Substantial proof has been gathered by Islamabad’s agencies of Indian sponsorship of terrorism against Pakistan through the TTP, in collaboration with Kabul’s National Directorate of Security and certain power brokers. Some of this evidence has been shared with the UN but has not evoked any action so far from the world organisation. An Indian link to the Lahore park atrocity, responsibility for which has claimed by an affiliate of the TTP, cannot be ruled out.

Pakistan’s armed forces are one of the few organised institutions left in the country. Not surprisingly, because of their profession and training, their resistance to Indian domination is robust. Tarnishing the reputation and credibility of the Pakistan Army is an important element of the Indian strategy. Through the Indian and Western media, the Pakistan Army is incessantly accused of doing today what it did yesterday – supporting the Afghan Taliban and the Kashmiri jihadi groups.

Acceptance in Pakistan

The reality is clouded by ‘fifty shades of grey’. Despite old relationships, Pakistan’s security establishment is either confronting some of these Jihadi groups or has little influence over them (the Afghan Taliban). The violent sectarian groups in Punjab are known to have enjoyed in recent years the protection of some politicians rather than the security establishment. Notwithstanding this, the Indian-inspired mantra against the army and the ISI is frequently echoed not only by the Western media but even within Pakistan.

At the opposite end of India’s kinetic actions, is the wide and successful use of its “‘soft power’, epitomised by Bollywood. This song and dance culture has been warmly embraced by large segments of Pakistan’s young and moneyed elite. Over time, this can lead to greater acceptance in Pakistan of India’s political and strategic goals.

Since early days, India has attempted to co-opt Pakistani politicians, by fair means and foul. When out of office, some political leaders have had intimate contacts with the Indians. Shamefully, some of them – excluding the ruling party – are known to have expressed the desire for Indian and other foreign intervention in Pakistan’s internal affairs. Even today, the desire of some of Pakistan’s leaders to ‘normalise’ relations with India at any cost is inexplicable.

India has been able to play on the fears and predilections of Pakistan’s politicians to set the tone and pace of the bilateral relationship. Dialogue is held out as a favour to Pakistan. India’s positions on both substance and process keep hardening with each encounter. Concessions continue to be made by Pakistan on process and substance – to no avail or purpose.

It is high time for Pakistan’s National Defence Council, which includes both the civilian and military leadership, to undertake a frank and in-depth review of India’s objectives and policies towards Pakistan and evolve a coherent and consensual strategy to respond to each of the elements of India’s policies aimed against Pakistan.

To those Americans who disingenuously chide Pakistan for being paranoid about India, I would respond as Trotsky did shortly before being assassinated: “Just because I am paranoid, does not mean I am not persecuted.”