Uber Case: Karnataka High Court Questions Government on Stifling Startup Business

Uber Case: Karnataka High Court Questions Government on Stifling Startup Business

The Karnataka High Court Wednesday questioned the state government on “stifling” the startup business through regulatory norms that create an “unviable” environment while wanting to encourage startups.

“On the one hand, you (government) want to encourage startups in the state and, on the other, you want to stifle its business by framing rules like the Karnataka On-Demand Transportation Aggregators’ Rules (OTTA),” Justice Raghavendra Chouhan said during the hearing of a petition by cab aggregator Uber.

Justice Chouhan made the observations while questioning the submissions made by A S Ponnanna, Counsel for the state who defended OTTA rules.

Uber had moved the court after the transport department impounded the vehicles for not securing licences under the new norms. It also suspended operations of taxis, which led to protests by drivers.

Justice Chouhan said the rules would create an unviable environment for startups and would have repercussions for investments in the state.

“If we have such regulatory rules, it will create an unviable environment for startup business in the state.

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Startup companies like Uber may pull out of business in the state, which will not be good. It will have a negative impact or repercussions on investments,” he said.

Earlier last month, Uber’s Counsel Sajan Poovayya had submitted that since taxi-hailing app Uber is a technology platform that connects drivers with passengers, it cannot be regulated under India’s Motor Vehicles Act, which governs taxis and aggregators in the country.

The hearing in the matter will continue tomorrow. Drivers have also independently filed a petition in court.

The transport department had in April increased the penalty for cab aggregators from Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 5,000, alleging they were operating without obtaining necessary licence despite its repeated warnings.

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Tags: Apps, Cabs, Startups, Uber, Uber India

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All Gram Panchayats Will Be Wi-Fi Connected by October 2018: Government

All Gram Panchayats Will Be Wi-Fi Connected by October 2018: Government

HIGHLIGHTS
govt plans to roll out Wi-Fi programme to all Gram Panchayats with the aid of 2018.
it is going to be accomplished under the Bharat internet initiative.
approximately 800 million Indians may be blanketed by Wi-Fi offeringsby way of 2020: COAI.
all of the gram panchayats may have the Wi-Fi connectivity by way of October 2018 below the Bharat net programme, a senior authorities ofwiwireless said in New Delhi on Monday.

by way of October 2018, the plan is wi-fi coverage of all gram panchayats with Wi-Fi because the closing wireless mile answer,” Telecom Secretary J.S. Deepak said in New Delhi at a round table conference on the topicstatistics Connectivity for the subsequent Billion’.

The conference was prepared on the event of the annual preferred assembly of the mobile Operatorsafwiwireless of India (COAI).

The Bharat internet initiative is committed to take the optical wirelessbre to each and each gram panchayat in subsequent three years, Deepak stated.

under the programme, Wi-Fi may be introduced, with a viability wirelessform of method, to each and every citizen at the charge of approximately Rs. 100 in keeping with month, he stated.

in the wi-first segment of this system, by using March 2017, we will have one hundred,000 gram panchayats with eightya hundred mbps connectivity with a closingwireless mile Wi-Fi, hotspot type of stopconsumer possibility to make facts to be hadto folks that do now not have access to it,” he stated.

within the subsequent segment of the plan (Bharat net), with underground wi-fibre, overhead wi-fibre, radio satellite tv for pc and the usage of country government corporation, wi-fi the electricitydistribution organizations, the plan is to completewireless insurance of all gram panchayats,” hedelivered.

on the event, COAI also released its 2015-16 annual wiwireless, which said that about 800 million Indiansmight be blanketed with the aid of wi-fi broadband offerings by means of 2020 from the modern 250 million.

Bharti Airtel’s dealing with director and CEO (India and South Asia) Gopal Vittal became on Monday elected as the new chairman of COAI at the same time as Vodafone India MD and CEO Sunil Sood took over as itsvice chairman.

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Tags: Bharat internet, COAI, digital India, net, Optical Fibre, Telecom, Wi Fi

Florida government Investigating Incident in which teenager woman Allegedly Had intercourse with multiple companions in excessive college lavatory

Authorities Investigating Alleged Teen Sex in High School Bathroom

per week after a fifteenyearantique Florida female allegedly had intercourse with more than onecompanions in a public excessive college bathroom, the state‘s branch of children and families is investigating the alleged incident with local government.

firstly, the Lee County Sherriff’s office had declined to pursue any crook fees resulting from the incident. The woman and her own family declined to press expenses, and it appears that the female‘s companionshad been also minors.

but the entirety changed numerous days later whilst, in line with sheriff’s office spokesman Tony Schall, a cellphone video of the incident turned into published on-line and sent to numerous informationoutlets. as a minimum one of the information stations contacted authorities.

The emergence of the video has brought about authorities to investigate whether any laws have beendamaged. Schall declined to complicated on any viable costs.

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Florida crook defense legal professional Richard Hornsby tells humans that the cellular phone videopossibly pressured the hand of authorities, who now visual photos of what occurred in that bathroom.

“This video is unbiased evidence out of doors of the woman,” Hornsby says. “The video could deliver agraphic indication of what came about at some stage in the incident.”

additionally, everybody who dispensed the video may want to face expenses. “Florida has a sexting lawfor minors,” says Hornsby. “but if any adults retransmitted the video, they might be charged with violatingchild pornography legal guidelines.”

in line with a police document, the lady scholar had intercourse with more than one male college students after faculty hours on can also 17. Lee County college spokeswoman Amity Chandler said in aannouncement on Tuesday that while 25 boys have been visible going into the bathroom, the number of boys the woman had sex with “is less than the wide variety seen going into the restroom.”

In a letter to mother and father, college superintendent Greg Adkins entreated dad and mom not to rushto judgement. “they’re adolescents who have made a extreme mistake,” he wrote. “They ought to now be afforded the opportunity to examine from their mistakes.”

The clinic at your step: How the Delhi government is rethinking primary healthcare

The clinic at your doorstep: How the Delhi government is rethinking primary healthcare

Does consuming highly spiced meals provide you with rashes? Aarti, 12, wanted to understand. Shechecked out her older sister waiting close to the door of the medical doctor’s room at the mohallahospital, in Nathupura village, Burari, North Delhi.

Dr CM Gupta, on responsibility at some point of the evening shift, smiled at them and stated, “No.” Aarti gestured to her sister, as if saying “I informed you so.” The rashes had been a result of a moderatecontamination, the medical doctor explained. buzzing a tune, he wrote out the prescription. The pharmacist handed over the drugs to the girls.

Aarti, a college-going lady, did not spend more than 15-20 mins in the clinic. She truely sauntered in at the same time as running another errand and did now not spend a paisa.

Aarti could now not dream of going to a central authority hospital for a rash. If she had, she would have spent the entire day in at the least three queues – one to register for an appointment, some other to lookthe medical doctor, and one greater to get drug treatments. Many skip the closing line out of sheer frustration.

sanatorium at the doorstep

ultimate month, the Aam Aadmi birthday celebration authorities in Delhi opened one hundred mohalla clinics, concentrated on a population of 10,000 human beings every, on a pilot basis. 3 of them – in Peera Garhi, Nathupura, and Mandavali – are everlasting clinics that run between 7 am and seven pm and are manned via medical doctors from the country health branch. The relaxation characteristic out of rented premises, wherein the Delhi government has employed personal docs, who see sufferers between8 am and 1 pm.

people come to mohalla clinics for all forms of minor fitness problems along with fever, headaches, nagging coughs or colds, and skin ailments which include rashes, pimples, ulcers in the mouth, toothaches and checkunited statesfor diabetes and blood pressure.

sufferers taking walks into the health facility are given a token variety from a token shelling out gadget.when one’s flip comes, the affected person meets the health practitioner, who examines him or her and writes a prescription. some docs use an digital tablet that facts crucial information, inclusive of a image,of each affected person. The prescription is outlined on a slip, that’s passed to the pharmacist who dispenses drug treatments freed from price.

The tablet and prescription that a few mohalla sanatorium doctors are prepared with.
The tablet and prescription that a few mohalla health center docs are equipped with.
besides a doctor, each sanatorium has an auxiliary nurse and midwife, a pharmacist, and a lab technician.

The mohalla sanatorium at Peera Garhi, in West Delhi, which become installation closing yr, is alsogeared up with a Swasthya Slate, an Android-based totally pill, that may take a look at blood pressure, blood sugar, coronary heart rate, electrocardiogram, body temperature with on the spot effects. however, the health facility has been using it sparingly (primarily for haemoglobin exams, the docs said).

health facility vs dispensary

There are 270 dispensaries in Delhi, the majority of which might be run through the Delhi government.

but how are mohalla clinics extraordinary from those dispensaries?

traditionally, a dispensary is a larger premise compared to a sanatorium. whilst dispensaries have awaiting place and several rooms and value about Rs 3 crore to installation, a mohalla sanatorium may be constructed with just Rs 20 lakh, declare kingdom officials.

the pharmacy at the Peera Garhi mohalla clinic.
the pharmacy at the Peera Garhi mohalla health center.
a number of our dispensaries have 3 floors with 25-30 rooms,” stated Dr Avnish Bhargava, officer onunique duty, Directorate general of health offerings, Delhi. “A primary fitness centre need now not be run from such large systems. we’re using Portacabins to construct our mohalla clinics. those are pre-fabricated semi-everlasting structures which may be assembled and also can be relocated easily.”

while drug treatments are supposed to be free of rate in dispensaries, AAP functionaries, which includesfitness Minister Satyender Jain, said that the dispensaries regularly ran out of drug treatments.

The idea behind mohalla clinics is to decentralise number one healthcare even further. “We need to create 1,000 mohalla clinics. For every dispensary that goals 50,000 people, there must be 5 mohalla clinics,”stated Dr Arun Banerjee, additional director, making plans, Directorate widespread of health services, Delhi.

Dr Pankaj Kumar, who’s on the evening shift on the Peera Garhi mohalla sanatorium in West Delhi, used towork at a dispensary at Khyala, some other place in West Delhi.

while we used to begin work [at the dispensary], there might be an extended line of people outside,”said Dr Kumar. “you can’t chat at enjoyment with a affected person as you already know there are aboutone hundred fifty to two hundred human beings waiting. Yaha kaam karne foremost maza aata hai. (Iexperience working here). At its top, there may be a crowd of about eight to 10 humans ready.”

but, not each dispensary is crowded. as an instance, the dispensary in Chattarpur, South Delhi, that this reporter visited, regarded to have a steady flow of patients, with a wait of approximately 15-30 minutes on the most. The dispensary at Rohini, in Northwest Delhi, changed into also now not too crowded, and it tooksufferers approximately half of an hour to get treatment and pick up medicines from the pharmacy.

minimal price

a government sanatorium or a dispensary can be very intimidating location. the bigger the unit, the morehard it is to navigate, in particular for an illiterate or a semi-literate man or woman.

before the mohalla hospital changed into set up in Nathupura, Suman, 48, who runs a vegetable mart in the village would go to non-public docs every time she had a health trouble. “the closest clinic is Hindu Rao sanatorium, at least half of an hour to 45 minutes away,” stated Suman. “i’d spend at least Rs 100 ontouring first by using an auto-van after which by bus. It become easier for me to look private docs.”

The dispensary closest to Peera Garhi’s Rajiv Gandhi Punjabi colony relief camp is the only at Pashchim Vihar, approximately a kilometre away. A unwell person might ought to take a rickshaw, or brave the Rohtak avenue to reach the dispensary. it’s miles open simplest between 8 am to 1 pm, but is extremelycrowded. The wait there, human beings from the relief camp said, is not less than two hours.

expecting remedy also charges cash, as human beings lose their day’s income. “In a hospital, a patienthas to spend to a few hours anticipating the medical doctor, however wait to take drugs, and then comeonce more tomorrow to accumulate test reviews,” stated Delhi health Minister Satyender Jain. “in case you remember the affected person’s misplaced time and the money she or he spends to reach themedical institution, it’d be about Rs 500 to Rs 600. How will a negative man spend so much? We desiredto build a sanatorium that humans can stroll to.”

Dispensaries see approximately 300-350 sufferers within the six hours they’re open, while mohalla clinics see approximately 100a hundred and fifty patients inside the equal time.

A health practitioner examines Munna Singh, a physically handicapped person, out of doors the Krishna Nagar clinic.
A doctor examines Munna Singh, a physically handicapped character, outdoor the Krishna Nagar health facility.
For a physically challenged individual like Munna Singh, it’s miles even more difficult to go to a publichealth center. every time he fell sick, the 48yr old resident of Krishna Nagar in East Delhi could get hisspouse to take him to Dr Hedgewar Aarogya Sansthan, a secondary district degree sanatorium, in Karkardooma.

Singh was employed as a mason whilst he fell from a roof in 2000 and misplaced using his legs. He nowmovements round in a makeshift wheelchair. whilst Singh visited the Krishna Nagar mohalla clinic for the primary time, he found that the rented premise become no longer wheelchair-pleasant. but, he becamesurprised to discover that the health practitioner on duty was willing to take a look at him on the street.

He became affected by cough, fever, and body pain for almost a week. This was his comply with-up go to. He complained of fever despite the earlier treatment.

The physician examined him and modified his prescription. “earlier I needed to visit the health facility forevery small ailment,” said Singh. “My wife works as a houseassist and he or she might must take a time without work to take me there. Now, someone has to just lift me and put me at the wheelchair. i’m able tocome to the clinic by myself.”

unfastened medicines and diagnostics

inside the 4 clinics that Scroll.in visited, drug treatments had been freely to be had, besides for ashortage of 1 specific formula at the Krishna Nagar clinic.

in contrast to many widespread practitioners who provide out open pills in small packets, at those clinics, the strips of medicines are reduce to offer sufferers the exact range of drugs prescribed. Many patientscomplained of cough, and have been liberally given bottles of cough syrup.

other than speedy diagnostic tests inclusive of digital blood pressure monitors and glucometers (for random blood sugar checks), lab technicians in those clinics gather samples for extra than 212assessments which might be conducted free of fee. Many sufferers come to the medical institution no longer for treatment, however just for the exams.

Aakash Raj, 25, who changed into suffering from fever and vomiting, had visited the Charak Palikasanatorium in Moti Bagh, South Delhi, but changed into unable to get checks completed at that clinic. Raj, who lives in Munirka, then determined to strive out the new mohalla sanatorium close to his home for his exams, and were given them.

Quacks out of business

Mohalla clinics are installation in slums or villages, which have less get admission to to number onehealthcare, despite needing it the most. The regions Scroll.in visited had been either highly congested or polluted. Nathupura, as an example, has open sewage strains, whilst Munirka village could be verycongested with small-scale organisations jogging inside the residential colony.

Many people are daily salary workers who might not want to tour to a miles-off dispensary or a hospital. The only option they’d before mohalla clinics turned into to visit a personal physician, a lot of them with nonexistent, or doubtful, tiers.

In Nathupura, and Munirka, private clinics, and laboratories flourish due to the dearth of clinical centers for the negative inside the region. a few regions like Peera Garhi had masses of quacks and practitioners of acontroversial gadget of drugs referred to as Electropathy. In Peera Garhi’s Punjabi sanatorium, these so-known as docs admitted that the mohalla hospital become getting rid of their sufferers.

AK Sharma prescribes drugs, such as antibiotics, in spite of no longer having a medical degree.
AK Sharma prescribes drug treatments, including antibiotics, in spite of not having a clinical diploma.
a few minuteswalk from the Peera Garhi mohalla clinic is the exercise of self-styled doctor AK Sharma, who has studied upto magnificence 12. He said he educated under an Ayurvedic medical doctor for 10-15 years before he opened his sanatorium in Punjabi colony. There are masses of medicines on his cabinets, which he dispenses to his sufferers. He stated that he gave paracetamol for cold-cough, and augmentin (an antibiotic) for fever. “health facility se bahut farak pada hai (The medical institution has decreased mycommercial enterprise),” said Sharma. “in advance, there could be 70-seventy five patients each day. Now i am getting 10-12 patients an afternoon.”

A midwife, Sudesh Nayyar, handles pregnancies inside the area. In her air-conditioned room whichadditionally serves as a medical institution, Scroll.in saw many hormonal pills which can be given to girlsduring pregnancy. “I do the paintings of first resource. I handiest supply desi dava (drug treatments),”stated Nayyar.

earlier, people had no option but to visit those clinics. “My two children were added with Sudesh best,”said Shalu Kohli, a Punjabi colony resident. “i used to be fortunate to not have headaches, like a few otherhumans I realize. Now, we have higher alternatives.”

that is the first part of a twopart series on public healthcare in Delhi. the subsequent article will run the following day.

Google, Uber can be Hit by way of New regulations on Maps; government wishes comments

HIGHLIGHTS
New thought says licence needed to gather info for maps.
Google, taxi apps and others use personal and crowd-sourced maps.
idea talks of huge fines for incorrect depictions of Kashmir.
corporations like Google which provide maps – or services like Uber and Ola which use them – may run into new problem. an offer from the home Ministry suggests that no person ought to be capable of offermaps online without getting a license from the authorities. The draft has been posted right here, and seeks comments within 30 days at [email protected]

right here‘s your seven-factor cheat-sheet to attempt to maintain it easy:

offerings like Google Maps gather records from satellites and crowd-sourced data. those ought to turn out to be unlawful, consistent with this part of the thought: “No individual shall gather geospatial imagery or statistics together with cost addition of any part of India both through any space or aerialplatforms together with satellite, aircrafts, airships, balloons, unmanned aerial automobiles or terrestrialmotors, or some other manner in any way.”
accumulating and sharing statistics for maps – either on websites or via apps – would require a license from an authority that will also log off at the real map.
If series of statistics is regulated, it could cause slowing down normal updates to maps commuters and taxi drivers use to discern out the great route to overcome the traffic, or clearly to navigate a journey.
The form of mapping that must be curtailed, in line with the home Ministry’s suggestion, is also used byprovider agencies like Zomato that supply meals.
current maps aren’t exempt – you may need a license if you have satellite images or other aerial snap shots of India and ought to pay fees for “keeping this geospatial statistics“. The pleasant for disseminating those maps without permits will range between Rs. 10 lakh and Rs. 100 crore. Seven years in jail is indexed because the most sentence.
Google and others whose maps fluctuate from India’s in terms of Kashmir territory may be unlawful and publishing them could entice a massive excellent.
government departments are exempt from those necessities.
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Retailers Want Government to Ensure Strict Implementation of ‘No Cashbacks’ Policy

Retailers Want Government to Ensure Strict Implementation of 'No Cashbacks' Policy

Retailers Association of India (RAI) has said that cashback or the money-back guarantee offers made by marketplace e-commerce players should be treated as influencing the selling price.

In a letter to Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, RAI said with the objective of ensuring a level playing field for all channels of retail in India, the ministry should come out with certain clarifications so that there is no violation in the implementation of the spirit of the policy.

It said that since the guidelines forbid marketplaces from participating in pricing directly or indirectly, all discounts, coupons, vouchers be offered by the individual seller.

“These should not be issued by the marketplace. Thus, a basket level discount/cash back would have to be restricted to the basket/order of each seller and not at a consolidated level,” it said.

“Cashback/money back guarantee offered by a marketplace should be considered tantamount to influencing selling price,” the association added.

It also said that consolidated orders covering multiple sellers should not be permitted.

“Considering that no seller should be having more that 25 percent share on the market place, the marketplace must file monthly disclosure with relevant (Enforcement Directorate) authority, giving details,” it added.

RAI also said that a full seller profile, including tax registration details, contact numbers, PAN numbers should be available on the online platform and accessible to consumer. “Marketplaces be made responsible for vetting the genuineness of sellers listed on the platform and the authenticity of their contact details to protect consumer interest in cases where the products turn our faulty/fraudulent,” it added.

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Tags: Cashbacks, E Commerce, Ecommerce, India, Internet, Online Shopping
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Reddit Change Sparks Concerns About US Government Spying

Reddit Change Sparks Concerns About US Government Spying

Digital privacy advocates and users of Reddit expressed their alarm on Friday over a change in the forum’s transparency report that suggested it may have been asked to give customer data to FBI investigators under a secretive government authority.

The annual report lists a variety of requests the site has received for information on users and for removal of content. On Thursday, Reddit deleted a paragraph known as a “warrant canary.”

The paragraph had said that Reddit had not been subject to national security letters, which are used by the FBI to conduct electronic surveillance without the need for court approval, or “any other classified request for user information.”

Privacy advocates have long contested the letters, saying they are not subject to sufficient judicial oversight or transparency safeguards.

Brett Max Kaufman, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union, said on Friday that authorities were possibly seeking the IP address, or an identifying number that corresponds to a specific computer, of an anonymous user on Reddit. Private messages between users could also be subject to search.

Reddit collects relatively little customer data that could be subject to a national security letter and useful for investigators, Kaufman said. Reddit does not require users to reveal their identities and stores less customer data overall compared to email or other social media such as Facebook, he said.

Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who gave classified documents about US spying to journalists in 2013, expressed concern on Twitter.

“Is dissent a threat to national security?” tweeted Snowden (@Snowden), whose leaks prompted a vigorous international debate about digital privacy and surveillance.

The leaks helped popularize the use of “warrant canaries” by tech firms eager to display resistance to government attempts to obtain access to user data.

“When you ask someone ‘Are you helping authorities in investigations?’ and they say ‘I’m not allowed to discuss that with you,’ I think the question has been answered,” wrote Reddit user khegiobridge.

National security letters are almost always accompanied by an open-ended gag order barring companies from disclosing the contents of the demand for customer data, making it difficult for firms to openly discuss how they handle the subpoenas.

That has led many companies to rely on somewhat vague warnings. Apple previously had a “warrant canary” but removed it in 2014.

“I’ve been advised not to say anything one way or the other,” Reddit Chief Executive Officer Steve Huffman, who goes by “spez” on the site, said in a thread discussing the change. “Even with the canaries, we’re treading a fine line.”

The FBI can use national security letters to compel Internet and telecommunications firms to hand over a wide range of customer data, including web browsing history and records of online purchases.

San Francisco-based Reddit did not respond to a request for comment. The Federal Bureau of Investigation did not respond to a request for comment.

National security letters have been available as a law enforcement tool since the 1970s, but their frequency and breadth expanded dramatically under the USA Patriot Act, which was passed shortly after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks on the United States by Islamist militants.

Several thousand of the letters are now issued by the FBI every year. At one point more than 50,000 such letters were issued annually.

In 2014, Twitter sued the US Department of Justice on grounds that the restrictions placed on its ability to reveal information about government surveillance orders violates free speech rights. Reddit and others have filed friend of the court briefs in Twitter’s lawsuit.

© Thomson Reuters 2016

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Tags: Internet, Reddit, Warrant canary
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Apple, Google Routinely Asked to Help Government Access Devices: ACLU

Apple, Google Routinely Asked to Help Government Access Devices: ACLU

The American Civil Liberties Union on Wednesday said it had identified 63 cases across the US in which the federal government asked for a court order compelling Apple Inc or Google to help access devices seized during investigations.

The cases predominantly arise out of investigations into drug crimes, the ACLU said, adding that the data indicate such government requests have become “quite ordinary.”

Representatives for the Justice Department and Apple declined to comment.

A spokesman for Google, a unit of Alphabet Inc, declined to say how frequently it has cooperated with All Writs Act requests or orders, and how often it has contested them.

The Justice Department previously disclosed that Apple has received 70 court orders requiring it to provide assistance since 2008, which it obeyed without objection.

(Also see:  US Sought Data From 15 Apple iPhones in Last Four Months)

However, last October Apple contested a Justice Department demand for assistance in a Brooklyn drug case. Since then, Apple has objected to several other government requests for help accessing devices across the country, the company said in a court filing last month.

A US judge in Brooklyn agreed with Apple and ruled that Congress has not authorized the government to ask for the help it demanded of the company. The Justice Department has appealed that ruling.

The ACLU report comes after the Justice Department withdrew a request for Apple’s assistance in California, saying on Monday it had succeeded in unlocking an iPhone used by one of the shooters involved in a rampage in San Bernardino in December without Apple’s help.

Other cases involving government requests for Apple’s help are still pending.

A variety of Apple and Google products have been targeted by court orders, according to the ACLU report. In one, an Apple iPhone 5 was seized by a man arrested in 2013 for importing methamphetamine from Mexico.

A California court ordered Apple to help the Justice Department bypass the passcode and copy data onto an external hard drive. The order does not specify which operating system was running on the phone.

© Thomson Reuters 2016

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Tags: Android, Apple, Google, Internet, Mobiles, Tablets
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Government Permits 100 Percent FDI in Online Marketplaces

Government Permits 100 Percent FDI in Online Marketplaces

The government on Tuesday permitted 100 percent FDI in the marketplace format of e-commerce retailing with a view to attract more foreign investments.

As per the guidelines issued by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) on FDI in e-commerce, foreign direct investment (FDI) has not been allowed in inventory-based model of e-commerce.

At present, global online retailer giants like Amazon and ebay are operating online marketplaces in India while home-grown players like Flipkart and Snapdeal have foreign investments even as there were no clear FDI guidelines on various online retail models.

To bring clarity, DIPP has also come out with the definition of ‘e-commerce’, ‘inventory-based model’ and ‘marketplace model’.

Marketplace model of e-commerce means providing of an IT platform by an e-commerce entity on a digital and electronic network to act as a facilitator between buyer and seller.

The inventory-based model of e-commerce means an e-commerce activity where inventory of goods and services is owned by e-commerce entity and is sold to consumers directly, according to the guidelines.

A marketplace entity will be permitted to enter into transactions with sellers registered on its platform on business-to-business basis, DIPP said.

It said that an e-commerce firm, however, will not be permitted to sell more than 25 percent of the sales affected through its marketplace from one vendor or their group companies.

“In order to provide clarity to the extant policy, guidelines for FDI on e-commerce sector have been formulated,” DIPP said.

The government has already allowed 100 percent FDI in business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce.

As per the guidelines, e-commerce means buying and selling of goods and services, including digital products over digital and electronic network.

Digital and electronic network will include computers, TV channels and other Internet application used in automated manner such as web pages, extranets and mobiles.

DIPP said that e-commerce marketplace may provide support services to sellers in respect of warehousing, logistics, order fulfilment, call centre, payment collection and other services.

However, such entities will not exercise ownership over the inventory. “Such an ownership over the inventory will render the business into inventory based model.”

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Tags: Amazon, Apps, E commerce, eBay, FDI, Flipkart, Foreign direct investment, Internet, Snapdeal
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Supreme Court Gives Government More Time to Curb Child Pornography Sites

Supreme Court Gives Government More Time to Curb Child Pornography Sites

The Supreme Court on Monday gave the government more time to suggest ways and means for blocking child pornography in its all forms as it was told that due to Holi holidays, the required meeting of officials with National Commission for Women (NCW) could not take place.

Granting two weeks’ time as Additional Solicitor General Pinki Anand said the meeting of the officials with NCW has yet to take place, a bench of Justice Dipak Misra and Justice Shiva Kirti Singh asked the government to address the submission by the petitioner Kamlesh Vaswani that government, after passing an order blocking 450 child porn websites in 2014, revoked it later.

Asking the government to suggest the ways to curb child pornography, the apex court on last hearing on February 26 had said it could, if it wanted, seek suggestions from the National Commission for Women and “we are sure the said Commission would give its suggestions to the Union of India”.

The court had also said that “the innocent children cannot be made prey to these kind of painful situations, and a nation, by no means, can afford to carry any kind of experiment with its children in the name of liberty and freedom of expression”.

“Watching pornography or compelling watching pornography can’t come with the freedom of expression, speech and thought,” it said, asking Anand to “file an appropriate affidavit of the competent authority to suggest the ways and means so that these activities are curbed”.

Expressing its difficulty in dealing with the issue of clamp down on websites carrying child pornography, the government had told the court on February 26 that “as far as the child pornography is concerned, exercise has been undertaken and the central government shall come with the scheme so that appropriate directions in that regard can be issued”.

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Tags: Child Pornography, Internet, Porn
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